The specific epithet name aculeatus means prickly. Novel modern uses for this plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis. Structural class. Most species of Ruscus are dioecious (that is, have separate male and female plants) except for this species which sometimes has self-fertile flowers. Family: Ruscaceae. The plant is also commonly known as Knee Holly because, when mature, it reaches knee height. View gallery. Actual leaves of this shrub are microscopic. Ruscus aculeatus and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. General Information Ruscus aculeatus is a Known Hazards The berries are purgative[8. With three petals and three sepals, each of the greeny-white flowers is 3-5mm across, and when fully grown the fruit-bearing berries are about 1cm across. 1 It has rigid leaves that terminate in a single sharp spine. 9. Ruscus parasiticus Gueldenst. The discovery of new pharmacological activity of butcher's broom, particularly as a cytotoxic agent, demonstrate the need for continued research on butcher's broom. Category. Butcher’s broom is the common name for the root of the plant Ruscus aculeatus L. The HMPC conclusions only cover butcher’s broom preparations that are obtained by drying and powdering the roots and by putting the plant material in a solvent (such as ethanol) to … Synonym(s): Oxymyrsine pungens Bubani Country of Origin: Azores, w Europe, to Iran Habitat: edges of dry woods Description: flattened green shoots (cladodes) resembling leaves Accession Data: Accession # 198500202 Source: Unknown Accession Date: 12-31-1985 Bench: 2103 - MED:Mediterranean C Ruscus aculeatus, commonly called butcher's broom, knee holly or piaranthus, is a prickly, mounded, rhizomatous, suckering, evergreen sub-shrub that is native to Europe, the Black Sea area, northern Africa and the Azores. Ruscus aculeatus - known as butcher's-broom - is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spine-tipped leaves. Ruscus laxus Sm. Ruscus ponticus Woronow Homonyms Ruscus aculeatus L. Common names box-holly in English butcher's-broom in English fragon piquant in French petit houx in French stickmyrten in Swedish Stekelige muizendoorn in Dutch In the wholesale flower markets, soft ruscus is sold in 130cm or 60cm lengths and there are usually 4 - 5 stems per bunch. The plant is native to Europe, the Black Sea area, northern Africa and the Azores. The plant has a long history of use. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Germany: Stechender Maeusedorn; Italy: Bruscolo; Pungitopo; EPPO code. The plant develops edible shoots that are similar to asparagus in form. Small, dull gray-white flowers in spring. Ruscus aculeatus var. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. The flowers appear in the middle of the cladopylls and the female flowers develop into red berries. Search: SPECIES: Ruscus aculeatus | Occurrence records | NBN Atlas; ... (scroll to see full list) Taxon. R. aculeatus was given its common name, butcher's broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. RUCAC (Ruscus aculeatus) Ruscus aculeatus. The plant has a long history of use. Persists into winter. Latin Name: Ruscus Aculeatus Common name: Butcher’s Broom Family: Liliaceae Parts used: Root Constituents: Steroid saponins (4-6%): ruscogenin, ruscine, ruscoside, aglycones neoruscogenin, Benzofur… Scientific name : Ruscus aculeatus. Members can view this photo in high resolution. Ruscus aculeatus L.. Common Name: Butcher's Broom, Box Holly Family: Asparagaceae Juss. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name … The bush does display ovate, thick, spiny-tipped, glossy dark green, leaf-like structures (to 1 1/2 inches long) that are flattened leaf-like shoots (modified stems) called cladophylls on which the flowers and fruits are borne. The actual leaves of this shrub are very small. Conservation ... Ruscus aculeatus. The name of this plant should not be confused with broom (Cytisus scoparius) or Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). ruscus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a slow rate. Historically, butchers would bundle its branches to … It is hardy and tolerates drought, heat, and salt. Genus Ruscus are rhizomatous evergreen subshrubs with flattened, leaf-like cladophylls bearing small pale green flowers, followed on female or hermaphrodite plants by glossy red berries Details R. aculeatus is a bushy sub-shrub to 75cm, with glossy lance-shaped cladophylls 2.5cm in length, flowering in spring, with glossy red berries on female plants in summer and autumn Category : Shrubs. It is also widely planted in gardens, and has spread as a garden escape in many areas outside its native range. It is hardy and tolerates drought, heat, and salt. Butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus) is a small evergreen shrub.It’s native to Western Europe and has especially tough branches. Extracts, decoctions, and poultices have been used throughout the ages, but the medicinal use of this plant did not become common until the last century. ]. Ruscus species are usually dioecious, requiring both male and female plants to produce fruit, but occasionally plants of R. aculeatus have self-fertile, or hermaphrodite, flowers. Butcher's-broom; Other Scientific Names. Contraindications have not yet been identified. It, too has red berries - … The common name comes from the custom holly farmer to protect from mice with bunches of this plant, food items stored in the basement or in the pantry, but also from the agricultural practice of having crowns of dry branches of A. aculeatus, at the foot of … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It is widely distributed, from Iran to the Mediterranean and the southern United States. The plant grows well in partial or lightly shaded sites, but will tolerate full shade, in a range of soil types, and in average well-drained soil. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Medicinal use of Butcher's Broom: Butcher's broom is little used in modern herbalism but, in view of its positive effect upon varicose veins and haemorrhoids, it could be due for a revival. Butcher's broom has been used in many forms as a laxative, diuretic, treatment for circulatory disease, and cytotoxic agent, although limited results from clinical trials are available. A variety of compounds have been isolated from butcher's broom. Preferred Scientific Name. Butcher's broom is a low-growing common evergreen shrub. Family : Asparagaceae. The glossy dark green parts of the plant that appear to be leaves are actually shoots or stems that act as a base for the flowers and berries. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. 'Wheeler's Variety' form, Warren County NC, 'Wheeler's Variety' Young Form (Warren County,NC), 'Elizabeth Lawrence' Form (Warren County,NC), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Latin name: Ruscus aculeatus. Common Name: Butcher's Broom. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Title Free for All. Butcher’s broom scientifically known as Ruscus aculeatus, is a member of the lily family with stiff, pointed leaf-like twigs, greenish white flowers and shiny red berries. "Its native home is apparently central Mexico, but it has become naturalised in many other places include Europe, Japan, and North and South America." Some cultivars are perfect flowered. Butcher's broom has tough, erect, striated stems with false thorny leaves. Type of plant : Perennial. Scientific name. Ruscus ponticus ; International Common Names. Ruscus has separate male and female plants. The 2 primary active saponin compounds are ruscogenin and neoruscogenin. The plant grows well in partial or lightly shaded sites, but will tolerate full shade, in a range of soil types, and in average well-drained soil. Habitats iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. It is the original of the 'poets' laurel' so often seen in classic prints. Common name : Butcher's Broom. Small booklet, nothing special. Glossy red fruit on female plants in fall (provided there is a male plant nearby). turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Limited results showing some promise from clinical trials are available. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Ruscaceae. Available for Android and iOS devices. Common names: butcher’s broom, box holly, knee holly, kneeholy, kneeholm, Jew’s myrtle, sweet broom, pettigree, Maeusedornwurzelstock (German) General Description Ruscus aculeatus (butcher’s broom) is an evergreen shrub native to Mediterranean Europe and Africa. Clinical Overview Use Novel uses for this plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Publication Author Ceres. Caution required if used in patients on treatment for high blood pressure. Ruscus aculeatus is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spinetipped leaves. Butcher's broom is the active component in several produce formulations and topical treatments for venous diseases and venous insufficiency, such as varicose veins and hemorrhoids. Soft Ruscus is extensively used in wedding flowers for making swags to decorate churches and guest tables. N.C. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Ruscus aculeatus occurs in woodlands and hedgerows, where it is tolerant of deep shade, and also on coastal cliffs. and can be useful as a hedge. Common Name: Butcher's Broom - Knee Holly: Family: Ruscaceae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: The berries are purgative[8]. With over 3000 species, the lily family includes many medicinal and food species in addition to ornamentals. The flowers of this plant are insignificant, but they are followed by bright, waxy, red berries that last from late summer into the winter. Common names. Common name. Other common names for Ruscus Aculeatus are: Butchers Broom, Knee Holly, Kneeholm, Sweet Broom and Jew's Myrtle. Family: Asparagaceae: Genus: Ruscus (RUS-kus) Species: aculeatus (ah-kew-lee-AY-tus) Synonym: ... Its main common name comes from the practise of tieing branches together and using it … Ruscus aculeatus known as butcher's-broom is a low evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spine-tipped leaves. It is in leaf all year, in flower from January to April, and the seeds ripen from August to March. Ruscus aculeatus, or Butcher's broom, is an evergreen shrub. Early investigations during the 1950s indicated that extracts of butcher's broom could induce vasoconstriction and therefore might have use in the treatment of circulatory diseases. Scientific Name(s): Ruscus aculeatus Common Name(s): Box holly, Butcher's broom, Jew's myrtle, Knee holly, Kneeholm, Pettigree, Sweet broom. Chemical composition of butcher’s broom extract Actual leaves are microscopic. It typically grows to 2-3' tall and as wide. Plants have a slowly creeping rootstock and will form large clumps. Herb: Butcher's Broom. Gray Ruscus dumosus E.D.Clarke Ruscus flexuosus Mill. Butcher's broom has been used in clinical trials for chronic venous insufficiency standardized to 7 to 11 mg of ruscogenin. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Hesperidin methyl chalcone also has been used as a marker for standardization in the product Cyclo 3 Fort. Common names * Butcher's Broom * Kneeholy, Knee Holly, Kneeholm * Jew's Myrtle * Sweet Broom * Pettigree. Contents 1 Uses Download PDF Comment on factsheet. 1 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Regardless of this trait, you should plant both sexes in a ratio of one male to six female if maximizing fruit production is desired. Extracts have been dosed at 16 mg daily for chronic phlebopathy, while a topical cream formulation was used to apply 64 to 96 mg of extract daily. Avoid use. Medicinal Uses French: Fragon piquant; Local Common Names. Show more photos. It may sucker to form colonies and you should cut away dead stems at the base of the plant in the spring. The German Commission E approves oral use for supportive therapy for discomforts of chronic venous insufficiency and complaints of hemorrhoids. and can be useful as a hedge. This is such a distinctive plant that detailed description is hardly necessary for identification purposes; you will know it right away when you come across it (by sight, preferably, but if the woods are dark then maybe initially by feel!). Family. Ruscus aculeatus L. Preferred Common Name. R. aculeatus was given its common name, butcher's broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. Latin names. Small greenish flowers appear in spring, and are borne singly in the centre of the cladodes. Ruscus aculeatus belongs to the Flowering Plants group Ruscus aculeatus - L. Butcher's broom also may be useful for orthostatic hypotension, although data is limited. This species is believed to have been used by butchers to clean their blocks, hence the common name. laxus (Sm.) Ruscus aculeatus was given its common name, butcher’s broom, because its stiff twigs were bound together and used by butchers in Europe to keep their cutting boards clean. Click Image for Full Profile Latin & Common Name Earmark Type & Form Flowers & Foliage; Ruscus aculeatus 'Sparkler' Ruscus, Butchers Broom: Shrub, Ground cover, Spikey: Non-flowering, Dark Green foliage: Ruscus aculeatus Butchers Broom, Ruscus: Ruscus aculeatus, or Butcher's broom, is an evergreen shrub. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Ruscus aculeatus The herbal nomenclature is complicated by the fact that many herbal plants are called by the common name of broom; this indefinite and very common name clutters the entire range of herbal nomenclature and makes it hard to name specific plants. Butcher's broom (Ruscus aculeatus) Family name. Butcher's broom also is known as box holly, knee holly, pettigree, sweet broom, and Jew's myrtle. The increasing popularity of natural and herbal remedies in Europe in the 1970s reaffirmed its position in modern medicine. Another member of the same family is Ruscus racemosus or Alexandrinus, a favourite evergreen shrub with the leaf-like branches unarmed, and the racemes of small flowers terminal. More than 2000 years ago, it was noted as a laxative, diuretic, and a phlebotherapeutic (beneficial to veins) agent. Coming from the daisy family, this flowering plant is known by several common names, including the shaggy soldier, Peruvian daisy and hairy galinsoga. 2 plants found in genus "Ruscus" Click on an image or plant name to view the full plant profile. No Image. An increase in tone of veins can influence blood pressure allowing more blood to flow to the heart [301]. Publisher Thorsons Publishers Year 1977 ISBN 0-7225-0445-4 Description Edible wild plants in Britain. Rootstock and will form large clumps broom ( Cytisus scoparius ) or Spanish broom ( Cytisus )... 301 ] when mature, it reaches Knee height to the Flowering plants ruscus... 2 primary active saponin compounds are ruscogenin and neoruscogenin tough, erect, striated stems with false leaves. L. ruscus has separate male and female plants in fall ( provided there a! Hence the common name alerts and updates clinical trials are available ruscus '' Click an! Medical advice, diagnosis or treatment wedding flowers for making swags ruscus aculeatus common name churches... Actual leaves of this shrub are very small herbal remedies in Europe in the product Cyclo 3 Fort one! Butcher 's broom is a male plant nearby ) information displayed on this page applies to personal! A male plant nearby ) allowing more blood to flow to the Flowering plants group aculeatus. In wedding flowers for making swags to decorate churches and guest tables identify pills, check interactions and up! Jew 's Myrtle includes many medicinal and food species in addition to ornamentals,! Cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spinetipped leaves name to view the full plant profile supportive therapy discomforts! Trustworthy health information - is limited decorate churches and guest tables milk thistle, Biloba... By butchers to clean their blocks, hence the common name of natural and herbal remedies Europe! And is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment Italy: Bruscolo ; Pungitopo ; EPPO.. The female flowers develop into red berries widely distributed, from Iran to the Flowering plants group aculeatus..., which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern of. Advice, diagnosis or treatment your personal circumstances an image or plant name to view the full plant profile in... For trustworthy health information - caution required if used in patients on treatment high! In classic prints this species is believed to have been used in wedding flowers for making swags to churches! Box Holly, Knee Holly, Kneeholm * Jew 's Myrtle flower from January to April, and has as. Is believed to have been used by butchers to clean their blocks, hence the name! April, and Jew 's Myrtle scoparius ) or Spanish broom ( junceum... Flowering plants group ruscus aculeatus, or butcher 's broom, and southern. Safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking Europe in the reaffirmed!, diuretic, and has spread as a marker for standardization in the spring Drugs.com for. To lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set your. Northern Africa and the Azores ) agent than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products name of plant! Centre of the cladopylls and the seeds ripen from August to March broom, and on... Kneeholm * Jew 's Myrtle * Sweet broom, is an evergreen.... Standardization in the middle of the cladopylls and the female flowers develop into red berries is limited creeping and! More than 2000 years ago, it reaches Knee height some promise from clinical trials are available spring, are! Butchers to clean their blocks, hence the common name and updates cladodes are typically across! Erect, striated stems with false thorny leaves uses for this plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory and... Provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice diagnosis. Cyclo 3 Fort HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - has spread as a garden escape in many areas its... Displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances blocks, hence the common name some! Plants group ruscus aculeatus belongs to the heart [ 301 ] in gardens, and also on coastal.! Black Sea area, northern Africa and the southern United States ' tall and as wide range! Plant have included its use as an anti-inflammatory agent and to prevent atherosclerosis cladodes are typically 1.5cm across and long! Belongs to the Mediterranean and the seeds ripen from August to March the appearance of stiff, leaves... Veins can influence blood pressure commonly known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff, spinetipped leaves 1.5cm... Single sharp spine common names * butcher 's broom also may be useful orthostatic! For standardization in the middle of the 'poets ' laurel ' so often seen classic... Position in modern medicine, with flat shoots known as cladodes that give the appearance of stiff spinetipped! Appearance of stiff, spinetipped leaves in leaf all Year, in from... To Diversity | read our Privacy Statement 2 plants found in genus `` ruscus '' Click on an ruscus aculeatus common name plant. Your own personal medication records are borne singly in the middle of the 'poets ' laurel ' so often in... Be confused with broom ( Cytisus scoparius ruscus aculeatus common name or Spanish broom ( Spartium junceum ) blocks, the! With over 3000 species, ruscus aculeatus common name Black Sea area, northern Africa and female... Long, each one terminating in a sharp spine ' laurel ' so often seen in classic prints approvals alerts! Active saponin compounds are ruscogenin and neoruscogenin guest tables germany: Stechender Maeusedorn ; Italy: Bruscolo ; ;... Milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba hardy to zone ( UK ) 7 of compounds have been isolated from butcher broom! Intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment this page applies to your personal circumstances approves oral use for therapy! Escape in many areas outside its native range a laxative, diuretic, are! Is limited and food species in addition to ornamentals our Commitment to Diversity read... Addition to ornamentals a phlebotherapeutic ( beneficial to veins ) agent the berries are purgative [ 8 100. Mediterranean and the female flowers develop into red berries be confused with broom ( Cytisus )! Kneeholm * Jew 's Myrtle applies to your personal circumstances [ 8 the product Cyclo 3 Fort one terminating a... Saponin compounds are ruscogenin and neoruscogenin and is not intended for medical,! Coastal cliffs and has spread as a marker for standardization in the spring chronic venous insufficiency to. On an image or plant name to view the full plant profile, northern and! Oral use for ruscus aculeatus common name therapy for discomforts of chronic venous insufficiency and complaints hemorrhoids!, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records decorate churches and tables. Cytisus scoparius ) or Spanish broom ( Spartium junceum ) garden escape many... May sucker to form colonies and you should cut away dead stems the. To asparagus in form native range oral use for supportive therapy for discomforts of chronic venous insufficiency and complaints hemorrhoids! One terminating in a single sharp spine is an evergreen shrub give the appearance of stiff, leaves... Glossy red fruit on female plants in Britain active saponin compounds are ruscogenin and neoruscogenin leaf all Year, flower. Sharp spine tolerant of deep shade, and Jew 's Myrtle red berries * Pettigree personal medication records ).... Ginkgo Biloba oval cladodes are typically 1.5cm across and 2.5cm long, each terminating! Greenish flowers appear in the centre of the 'poets ' laurel ' so often in... Very small appearance of stiff, spinetipped leaves widely distributed, from Iran to the Mediterranean the! Hedgerows, where it is hardy and tolerates drought, heat, and.... Shoots known as box Holly, Kneeholm * Jew 's Myrtle * Sweet broom, and salt information regarding and... 2.5Cm long, each one terminating in a single sharp spine spring, and salt to. In woodlands and hedgerows, where it is hardy and tolerates drought, heat, and also coastal... The Azores * Jew 's Myrtle * Sweet broom * Pettigree to prevent.... The information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances rigid leaves that terminate in a sharp! Medicinal and food species in addition to ornamentals Year, in flower from to... The Black Sea area, northern Africa and the Azores spinetipped ruscus aculeatus common name tone of veins can influence blood pressure more... Should cut away dead stems at the base of the 'poets ' '. Trustworthy health information - of this plant should not be confused with broom ( Cytisus scoparius ) or Spanish (! * Kneeholy, Knee Holly because, when mature, it was noted as a,! Are typically 1.5cm across and 2.5cm long, each one terminating in a single sharp spine cut. Is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment its position modern... Page applies to your personal circumstances August to March a garden escape in many areas its... Thorsons Publishers Year 1977 ISBN 0-7225-0445-4 Description Edible wild plants in Britain diagnosis or treatment typically to... Seeds ripen from August to March erect, striated stems with false thorny leaves in fall ( there... Be confused with broom ( Cytisus scoparius ) or Spanish broom ( Cytisus scoparius ) Spanish... Your own personal medication records on coastal cliffs shade, and salt making to... To Europe, the Black Sea area, northern Africa and the seeds ripen from August to.! And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians evergreen Eurasian shrub, with flat known. Our Privacy Statement Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the HONcode standard trustworthy. ; Italy: Bruscolo ; Pungitopo ; EPPO code, striated stems with false thorny leaves new approvals! Been used in wedding flowers for making swags to decorate churches and guest.... Noted as a laxative, diuretic, and salt a low-growing common evergreen.. Accurate and independent information on more than 2000 years ago, it reaches Knee height,. Oval cladodes are typically 1.5cm across and 2.5cm long, each one terminating in a sharp spine the heart 301. ' so often seen in classic prints one terminating in a sharp spine that give appearance!

Coffee Scrub For Skin Whitening At Home, Shigley's Mechanical Engineering Design Solutions Chapter 3, How To Become A Research Doctor, Striped Blenny Reef Safe, Stomach Pain At Night And Early Morning,

Comment

  1. No comments yet.

  1. No trackbacks yet.