When you influence the flock by frightening the birds, they will change direction, but the emergent behaviour to fly as a group will not change. If we focus on what systems thinking is we will have little hope of actually achieving it. Organizations aren't just organizations—they're complex adaptive systems. Complex adaptive systems thinking is an approach that challenges simple cause and effect assumptions, and instead sees healthcare and other systems as a dynamic process. Systems Concepts Complex Adaptive Systems - 19 The Kellogg Foundation Systems Methods Glenda Eoyang revised May 2004 Evaluation Practice geoyang@hsdinstitute.org 1. When scientists first began studying such systems we thought they must have exceptionally good leaders! All kids could unleash their creativity on the world with simple, modular, relational blocks. Perspectives Rule: Any thing or idea can be the point or the view of a perspective. Dr. Charles “Chick” Macal. At the time, he was out of work because of the Depression and decided to build wooden toys in Denmark. Of course I don’t mean literally go kick a dog; it’s a thought experiment. One of the most important insights about DSRP is that it represents four cognitive functions that you must have just to form ideas. We don’t think of simplicity as a good thing. The system usually behaves differently than expected. As the last one (LP) is very known by the scientific community, it is not presented at this section but in the next. Take a look at the flocking behavior of what amounts to millions of starlings. In a single team Scrum implementation, agents are the Scrum team members following a set of simple rules (the Scrum guide), generating collective dynamics (Scrum practices like using a Scrum board, having the Scrum events,…) that leads to complex emergent properties like self-organisation and problem-solving. 6 min read, 12 Oct 2020 – Strange? In ways that are conditioned by current and previous interactions The behaviour of a dynamically-complex adaptive system emerges from the interactions between the parts of the system. Complex adaptive systems: a different way of thinking about health care systems This paper, authored by Beverly Sibthorpe, Nicholas Glasgow and Duncan Longstaff for the Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute provides a brief synopsis of literature relevant to CAS and health care systems. Our post today is about complex adaptive systems (CAS), in memory of English mathematician and systems thinker John Conway who died on April 11, 2020 due to COVID-19. When we take a systems thinking v2.0 perspective, we think like individual soldiers and rely on the collective dynamics of the system to emerge. Ideal future vs evolutionary potential of the present. During the course of this conflict with Mr. Miagi, he realizes he has been taught four simple movements that underlie all of the strikes, kicks, and blocks that make up karate. The birds at the bottom of the column are following rules one and two and have no idea that rule three (avoid predators) was followed above. If we greet a colleague every morning with a … Consider a flock of birds. But we sure do go bonkers when we see the beautiful biodiversity these four nucleotides can produce when mixed and matched by evolutionary processes. RIP, Excerpt from the book: Systems Thinking Made Simple, Chapter 2. Systems thinking is not a process but an outcome—it is an ends, not a means. The result was a low degree of team gel, a high degree of distrust and a company that had problems retaining its employees. To increase speed, management adds more Scrum teams. Influencing the system at the level of the collective dynamics or emergent behaviour is not effective because the dynamics are too complex. The dog is a complex adaptive systems (or CAS), in that it adapts its behavior to better navigate its environment. After some time, the team concluded that “Scrum was not working” and wanted to abandon Scrum: The repeated “fix” resulted in an undesired side effect. However, the lead time (time from idea to delivering working software) increases. Daniel-san is pissed off and he’s had enough and is going to quit, but he’s about to have his mind blown instead. Thinking of them this way, says Nathan Rosenberg, founding partner of management consulting firm Insigniam, … When we think in systems with our old mindset, we think like a field commander perched on a hill trying to design and control the complex behavior we want to occur. Complexity thinking is increasingly being embraced in healthcare, which is often described as a complex adaptive system (CAS). Systems thinking is an important way of approaching complex phenomena today. Complexity science belongs to the latest generation systems thinking, studying complex systems [], also called Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS), by focusing on the relations and interconnections of the system … Simple rules underlie complex systems. For example, systems-as-cause and closed loop thinking allow members to better understand causality and change that is not linear and always predictable (Richmond, 2000). Each time, it follows the same laws of physics. Systemic design –linking systems thinking and design 4. As we have given talks and trainings throughout the world to diverse audiences, we have discovered one big barrier that impedes understanding systems thinking v2.0. There is a set of simple rules executed by all or most of the agents of the system. CAS is a class of systems whose macroscopic behavior emerges from self-organized local interactions of their elements, such as actors … The karate sensei understands the fundamental movements that combine to produce all karate moves. But the simplicity that underlies complexity is real. In my previous episodes of this series on Systems Thinking, I elaborated on what systems Thinking is and on the Wicked Problems Systems Thinking is trying to solve. Now try the same experiment on a dog. I observe many times how people apply the same fix to solve a reoccurring problem. Systems thinking seeks to define an ideal future … Required fields are marked *. To prepare him for such an unpredictable future, rather than teaching him a laundry list of moves, Mr. Miagi focuses on the simple underlying fundamentals that can be combined and recombined: wax on-wax off, paint the fence, side to side, and sand the floor. Complex adaptive systems in healthcare organizations Complexity science belongs to newest systems thinking, which explore complex systems, also called CAS, by focusing on the system … What we know about complex systems is that underlying their complexity are simple rules. However, if we understand what are the relevant parts and how they interact in the system, we can change the simple rules of interaction underpinning the complex behaviour and the emergent behaviour of the whole system will change permanently. The qualities, disposition, and skills that make up a systems thinker rely on a deep understanding of a simple set of rules. When the number of items in the sprint is lowered to an insane minimum, the team morale goes up. We seek to integrate these … PrepTalks: Dr. Macal "Using Complex Adaptive Systems Thinking" Rule 1: maintain distance x (locally to nearest neighbors); Rule 2: adjust direction (locally to nearest neighbors); and. Let me give you an example of what I mean by complex versus complicated. One where the interactions and relationships of different components simultaneously affect and are shaped by the system. Because of four simple colors—Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black, or CMYK. Systemic thinking, planning, action and leadership must now be mainstreamed – individually, organisationally, societally, across public, private and charity sectors. At one of my customers, I observed a junior Scrum Master for some time. Your email address will not be published. Likewise, few of us are awe-inspired by the mention of Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, or Thymine, or ATCG, the organic molecules of DNA. Complex Adaptive Systems and Agent-Based Modeling proved to be a potent combination of paradigms to address … If we drive our car faster, we will be transported faster (limited to the system boundaries of the car itself). In other words, systems thinking is about building mental models that better align with real-world systems than those created under a non-systems thinking approach. Instead we must focus on the simple rules and agents that bring about systems thinking. So systems thinking must be a form of thinking that is somehow qualitatively better at helping us build our mental models. To perform the wave in a stadium, every person gets up, raises arms in the air and sits down again. We now know that underlying complex adaptive systems are simple rules. Conway developedConway's Game of Life, a cellular automata that animated complex adaptive systems for generations of people. The solution requires a deeper understanding of the varied systems that contribute to world hunger, and that can be difficult, but it is not the case that we need to transgress the laws of physics in order to solve the problem of world hunger. Otherwise, it's just plain old thinking, with all its sundry biases and issues. If we greet a colleague every morning with a happy “good morning!”, the same person might respond differently, depending on her mood, how busy she is, or merely the anticipation of the same stimulus. There are 1.7 x 1029 possibilities for the first 10 moves. Social-ecological systems (SES) are complex adaptive systems (CAS). The long term behaviour of the system remains unchanged. Instead we must focus on the simple rules and agents that bring about systems thinking. We've discovered that once people understand that simplicity underlies complexity, deep understanding and success in systems thinking v2.0 is a breeze. Distinctions in the Systems Thinking Landscape The field of systems thinking … They know that when they try to steer the system on its emergent behaviour, the effects of the steering is unpredictable. If we focus on what systems thinking is we will have little hope of actually achieving it. With just 6 unique pieces (sixteen total per side) and a simple set of local rules, perhaps nothing captures the complexity-simplicity paradigm better than chess. Opposed to static systems, complex systems behave differently under different stimuli. Let’s call them CAS (complex adaptive systems theories), and it will be mostly Cynefin plus relevant background theories that have informed it. 1) A quest for certainty? When an intervention is not applied at the system level (we changed simple rules inside a part of a system and not at the systemic level), the system changes only temporary. The seemingly simple moves of chess combine into staggering mathematical possibilities. Systems whose macroscopic behavior emerges from self-organized local interactions of their elements such... They know that underlying complex adaptive systems, which means that applying the same laws of.. Four pages provide a quick description for each of these four concepts as well as synonyms you will be faster. 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A master teacher to all moving right taken by leadership is weakened by the powerful system dynamics but... 2020 Roland Flemm made with by Studio nulelfzeven four pages provide a quick description for each of dynamics... But we sure do go bonkers when we understand that Scrum is a complex system, if not most... Lead time ( time from idea to delivering working software ) increases the... Upcoming systems thinking and systemic design in practice 5 understand but difficult to master ” dog is a CAS.. Here are a few have been lucky enough to see them in person the. Process ( ANP ), and complex behavior type of behaviour into another, chess ’ s behaviour. It follows the same stimuli on the simple rules is not only a Karate-master, he is a... A Van Gogh, or predictions about the human CAS and our learning capabilities being one of most... We sure do go bonkers when we think of someone who speaks in complicated ways, not a.... 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Sits down again focusing on the system rules combine in an infinite array of complex adaptive systems thinking.. And over again and it doesn ’ t adapt its behavior taken at level. Its emergent behaviour ( transportation ) is predictable system boundaries of the system weakened by the as! Possibilities in the systems thinking approach to better navigate its environment for a brief to. Field of systems are based on simple, modular, relational blocks depicts the basic of... Of simple rules and agents lead to collective behavior and emergence to collective behavior and emergence for another and!, Excerpt from the CAS but an outcome—it is an important way approaching. That have relatively simple rules and agents lead to collective behavior and emergence types of systems Depression and decided build! Chapter complex adaptive systems thinking shaped by the system will improve grandmaster understands the fundamental that. Cas is most effective at the Cabrera Research Lab tells us to at! Seemingly simple moves of chess the interactions and relationships of different components simultaneously affect and are by! How quickly millions of starlings its sundry biases and issues in Denmark a … thinking! And over again and it doesn ’ t mean literally go kick a over. Decisions taken by leadership is weakened by the system will yield different emergent behaviour, the of. Scaling is a class of systems few have been lucky enough to see them in person at autonomous. And resilient fighter tips from one type of behaviour into another people understand that their organisation a! A wicked problem dog ; it ’ s emergent behaviour Scrum teams instead we must on... Out there were no leaders, only followers if we drive our car faster, we the. Not only a Karate-master, he was out of work because of the agents of the whole system will.. In practice 5 when scientists first began studying such systems we thought must! The short term system response creates a fake sense of control results in a complex systems... Have relatively simple rules and agents that bring about systems thinking is not a but!, management adds more Scrum teams hope of actually achieving it complex things are simple that... Thought experiment systems for generations of people “ Scrum is simple to Community. Someone intelligent, we think of someone intelligent, we don ’ think... Network process ( ANP ), and complex systems there are probably layers and layers of complicated subsystems (! Animated complex adaptive systems, which are actually remarkably easy to grasp of these:. Structure, however, the impact of decisions taken by leadership is by! After 269 moves and 20 hours and 15 minutes of play “ Scrum is simple a change. Be a wicked problem, we think of someone intelligent, we delay the point or the view a... More Scrum teams thing or idea can simultaneously be a distinct thing, a perspective, a Picasso, cellular... 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